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Czóbel, Béla




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Béla Czóbel was born in 1883 in Budapest. Between 1902 and 1906 he was a pupil of Bela Ivanyi-Grunwald in Nagybánya (Romania). In 1902 and in 1903 he studied at the Academy of Munich, and from 1903 he studied at the Julian Academy in Paris. He first exhibited in 1905 at the Autumn Salon (Salon d’Automne), from 1906 he appeared together with the French Fauves in the same place, and in the Independents Salon (Salon des Indépendants). In March 1908 a solo exhibition opened at Berthe Weill Gallery. His friends included the famous Dunoyer de Segonzac, Georges Braque and Amedeo Modigliani. During the First World War (1914-1918) he had to escape from France, and he settled in Bergen in the Netherlands. Between 1919 and 1925 he lived in Berlin, where he joined the Brücke group, than he became the member of the Freie Sezession. In 1925 he had a collective exhibition in Berlin, but even in the same year he moved back to France. In 1927 he had a successful exhibition of the Brummer Gallery in New York. From 1931 he often came home, he regularly spent his summers in the castle Hatvani for the painter Francis Hatvany invitation. In 1933 he won the grand prize of the Pál Színyei Merse Society. In 1940 he returned permanently to Hungary and he settled in Szentendre (city in Central Hungary). After the Second World War he regularly exhibited in abroad, firstly in Paris, in the Galerie Zak. Still in his life in 1975 a museum opened in Szentendre, which is bearing his name.

Following the naturalism of Nagybánya, Czóbel very quickly - essentially the same time as the birth of movement – he joined the Fauvism, which was the latest trend in Paris. His choice of topic was very rich and also traditional; he painted self-portraits, portraits, nudes, landscapes, city-partial, interiors and still-lives, his approach was modern, (Post-Impressionism, Fauves, German Expressionism, Cubism, School of Paris), which raises him to the forefront of the Euro-Atlantic culture.

Year Biography
1983 he was born in Budapest
1902 he had finished the secondary school and he spent the summer in the free school in Nagybánya
1902-1903 Academy in Munich
1904 Julian Academy, Paris
1906-1914 he was living in Paris
  His teachers: Béla Grünwald Iványi, Herterich, Diez, J.P. Laurens
1948 Kossuth-award
1958 merited artist
1968 outstanding artist
  Memorial exhibitions
1991 Műhely Gallery, Szentendre
1983 Siófok; Kaposvár; Artist and patron. Exhibition of Fruchter collection's paintings,
  the artist's 100th birthday anniversary, Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest
1981 Hommage to ~, Int. G. R. S. Johnson, Chicago
1976 Balatonboglár; Debrecen; Szeged
  Single exhibitions
1971 Art Gallery, Budapest
1969 Galerie Drouet, Paris
1967 Tokyo
1961,1966,1968 Int. Gallery, Chicago
1961,1965 Galerie Georges Moors, Genf
1958 XXIX. Biennial of Venice, Hungarian pavilion banquet room
  National Salon, Budapest
1954,1966 Ferenczí Museum, Szentendre
1952-1964 almost a year: Galerie Zak, Paris
1948 Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Paris
  Galerie Katia Granoff, Paris
1937 Galerie Bonaparte, Paris
1934 Galerie Paquereau, Paris
1933, 1936 Fränkel Salon, Paris
1933 Galerie van Leer, Paris
1932 Ernst Museum, Budapest
1930 Tamás Gallery, Budapest
1927, 1936 Joseph Brummer Gallery, New York
1926,1929 Galerie Pierre, Paris
1924 Belvedere, Budapest
1920 Galerie Paul Cassirer, Berlin
  Galerie Goldschmidt, Berlin
1907 Galerie Berthe Weil, Paris
  Selected group exhibitions
1981 Eight and activists, in the Hungarian National Gallery's exhibition, London, Paris, Rome, Prague
1970 Contemporary Hungarian artists, Musée Galliera, Paris
1967 Gersham and his circules, Csók Gallery, Székesfehérvár
1964 Crane Kalman Gallery, London
1963 École de Paris, Galerie Charpentier, Paris
1958 National Salon, Budapest
1937 Ernst Museum, Budapest
1934 XIX. Biennial of Venice, Venice
1927,1930,1932 Galerie Bing, Paris
1924 Belvedere, Budapest
1923 Galerie Wallerstein, Berlin
1919 Stedelij M. Amsterdam
  Freie Sezession, Berlin
1913 Jury free exhibition, Artist house
1905, 1906 Salon d'Automne, Salon des Indépendants, Paris
1904 Art Gallery, Budapest
1903 Salon du Champs-de-Mars, Paris
  National Salon, Budapest
  Works in public collections
  Balassa Museum, Esztergom
  Capital Gallery, Budapest
  Ferenczy Museum, Szentendre
  Janus Pannonius Museum, Modern Hungarian Gallery, Pécs
  Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest
  Musée National d'Art Moderne, Paris
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