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Schönberger Armand




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Armand Schönberger was born in 1885 in Galgóc (city in Slovakia). He studied first in autodidactic way by copying the paintings of Munkácsy, than he continued his studies on the free-spirited evening nude-drawing courses at the Hungarian Academy of Fine Art. He studied at the free school led by Anton Ažbè, which was opposing to the academism, in Munich. After the death of Ažbe, from 1905 he studied at the official Academy in Munich, where his teachers were J. C. Herterich és P. Halm. In summer he attended the Baia Mare art school, where he spent almost every summer until 1912. In 1909 in Paris he met with Cézanne’s approach and with Delaunay's cubist-expressionist paintings, which had significant impact on the painter art. At the same place on the Grande Chaumière evening nude drawing lessons he continued to train himself. He was among those avant-garde artists, whom grouped around by the Lajos Kassák intellectual leadership formed journal, the ‘Tett’ in 1915 and the ‘Ma’ in 1916. In the period between the two world wars he supported the progressive aspirations but not kept next to the artist of ‘Ma’, who were forced to emigrate. He took part on the Belvedere exhibitions (it was established in the wake of Artists' House).

He mainly worked on expressive ink, chalk and charcoal drawings, in 1923 he participated with these works on the Belvedere exhibitions. He also took part on the New Society of Artists and New Association of Artists’ exhibitions, and he was core member of the Association of Fine Arts since its foundation. Cezanne, the cubists, the art of the German expressionists and the colors of the Fauves were influenced on him. His paintings, which were taken between the two world wars, present portraits and figure compositions and the scenes of urban life (cafes, concerts, cityscapes). In the 1960s, the intimate room corners and the harmony intermediary nudes were typical. Both his graphic and pictorial works he brought further the early avant-garde heritage.

Year Biography
1885 He was born in Galgóc
  Hungarian Academy of Fine Art's free-spirited evening nude-drawing Courses
  He studied at the Anton Ažbè led free school in Munich
From 1905 he studied at the official Academy in Munich
1909 He went to Paris
1910 He exhibited at the Artists' House
1913 As sculptor he exhibited at the Artists' House
1917 He was a founding member of "Hetek" paint group
1919 He was former board member of the Association of Fine Arts
1921 He took part on the Belvedere exhibitions (it was established in the wake of Artists' House)
  His teachers: Herterich, J. C., Halm, P..
  Single exhibitions
1985 István Türr Museum, Baja.
  Schönberger Armand memorial exhibition, Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest
1970 Lifetime Achievement Exhibition, Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest
1958 Art Gallery, Budapest
1948 Fészek Club, Budapest
1932 Malmö, Sweden
1930 Tamás Gallery, Budapest
1928 Nagyvárad
1927, 1928, 1930 Pozsony
1922 Belvedere, Budapest
1918 National Theatre, Budapest
  Selected group exhibitions
1980 The 1920s and 30s Hungarian avant-garde, Zichy Castle, Budapest
1974 XX. Century Hungarian Graphics, Savaria Museum, Szombathely
1963 Imre Oltványi memorial exhibition, Türr István Museum, Baja
1959 Hungary drawing and watercolor in the XIX. ad XX.century, Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest
1952 The painters of Szentendre's exhibition, Ferenczy Museum, Szentendre
1948 Graphic exhibition, Stockholm
1947 The artist's two faces, Artists' House of Creation, Budapest
  Works in public collections
  Janus Pannonius Museum, Pécs
  Hungarian National Gallery, Budapest
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